According to legend, Rome was founded in 753 BC by twins Romulus and Remus, though tribes like the Etruscans had lived in Italy since 1200 BC. Ancient Romans valued herbal plants such as clary sage, lavender, mint, and rose-scented geranium for culinary and medicinal properties.
The start of the Egyptian calendar dates back to 4236 BC, though settlements existed in the Nile Valley as early as 8500 BC. Ancient Egyptians believed in aromatherapy and utilized cardamom, cedar, myrrh, and sandalwood to prepare calming perfumes and for ritual ceremonies.
India's traditional Ayurvedic medicine has its roots in the Dravidian culture of 5000 BC. Ayurveda, which translates as "a knowledge of how to live," promotes good health through inner life force, balance, and usage of herbs and spices to relax, rejuvenate, and detoxify the body.
Chinese herbal medicine is at least 5000 years old. Around 2696 BC, emperor Shen Nung compiled one of the earliest herbal remedies text, the Pen Tsao Ching. According to Chinese pharmacopea, herbs and plants like apricot, anise, ginger, and tea have been crucial to achieving long life and good fortune.
Around 850 BC, the Hellenes tribe flourished and developed into rival city-states such as Athens and Sparta, while earlier civilizations like the Minoans dating back to 3000BC, dissapeared. Greek physicians prescribed elixirs, aromatic baths, and scented massages with chamomile, mint, pine, and rosemary to promote health and well being.
The Sumerians were the area's first settlers around 5000 BC. They laid the foundation for later civilizations like Assyrians, Phoenicians, Babylonians, Israelites, Persians, Arabs, and others. Through trading, ancient Arabs introduced to the world many medicinal herbs and spices.
One of the oldest civilizations in the Americas, the Mayas settled in Mexico and Guatemala by 1000 BC. From 300 BC on, other groups spread through the American continents including many Native American tribes, Caribbean Tainos, and South American Arawaks. Columbus's arrival in 1492 brought an exchange of fruits and plants between the New and the Old World.
Australian Aborigines and Polynesians (Easter Islanders, Hawaiians, Maoris, Samoans, Tahitians, etc) originated in southern Asia, though both are different groups. Oceania's people share the usage of native flowers and fruits for their alluring, healing, and relaxing properties.
A celebration of all cultures, elements of the world highlights the experience, spirit, traditions, and mysteries from all over the globe with specialty fragranced, unscented, and seasonal soaps.